Judea on the Alert
1By this time the people of Israel living in Judea heard of everything that Holofer'nes, the general of Nebuchadnez'zar the king of the Assyrians, had done to the nations, and how he had plundered and destroyed all their temples; 2they were therefore very greatly terrified at his approach, and were alarmed both for Jerusalem and for the temple of the Lord their God. 3For they had only recently returned from the captivity, and all the people of Judea were newly gathered together, and the sacred vessels and the altar and the temple had been consecrated after their profanation. 4So they sent to every district of Samar'ia, and to Kona and Beth-hor'on and Belma'in and Jericho and to Choba and Aesor'a and the valley of Salem, 5and immediately seized all the high hilltops and fortified the villages on them and stored up food in preparation for war-since their fields had recently been harvested. 6And Jo'akim, the high priest, who was in Jerusalem at the time, wrote to the people of Bethu'lia and Betomestha'im, which faces Esdrae'lon opposite the plain near Dothan, 7ordering them to seize the passes up into the hills, since by them Judea could be invaded, and it was easy to stop any who tried to enter, for the approach was narrow, only wide enough for two men at the most.
Prayer and Penance
8So the Israelites did as Jo'akim the high priest and the senate of the whole people of Israel, in session at Jerusalem, had given order. 9And every man of Israel cried out to God with great fervor, and they humbled themselves with much fasting. 10They and their wives and their children and their cattle and every resident alien and hired laborer and purchased slave-they all girded themselves with sackcloth. 11And all the men and women of Israel, and their children, living at Jerusalem, prostrated themselves before the temple and put ashes on their heads and spread out their sackcloth before the Lord. 12They even surrounded the altar with sackcloth and cried out in unison, praying earnestly to the God of Israel not to give up their infants as prey and their wives as booty, and the cities they had inherited to be destroyed, and the sanctuary to be profaned and desecrated to the malicious joy of the Gentiles. 13So the Lord heard their prayers and looked upon their affliction; for the people fasted many days throughout Judea and in Jerusalem before the sanctuary of the Lord Almighty. 14And Jo'akim the high priest and all the priests who stood before the Lord and ministered to the Lord, with their loins girded with sackcloth, offered the continual burnt offerings and the vows and freewill offerings of the people. 15With ashes upon their turbans, they cried out to the Lord with all their might to look with favor upon the whole house of Israel.