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Tobit 1

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Tobit 1

1The book of the actsa of Tobit the son of To'biel, son of Anan'iel, son of Ad'uel, son of Gab'ael, of the descendants of As'iel and the tribe of Naph'tali, 2who in the days of Shalmane'ser,b king of the Assyrians, was taken into captivity from Thisbe, which is to the south of Kedesh Naph'tali in Galilee above Asher.

Tobit's Youth and Virtuous Life

3I, Tobit, walked in the ways of truth and righteousness all the days of my life, and I performed many acts of charity to my brethren and countrymen who went with me into the land of the Assyrians, to Nin'eveh. 4Now when I was in my own country, in the land of Israel, while I was still a young man, the whole tribe of Naph'tali my forefather deserted the house of Jerusalem. This was the place which had been chosen from among all the tribes of Israel, where all the tribes should sacrifice and where the temple of the dwelling of the Most High was consecrated and established for all generations for ever.

5All the tribes that joined in apostasy used to sacrifice to the calfc Ba'al, and so did the house of Naph'tali my forefather. 6But I alone went often to Jerusalem for the feasts, as it is ordained for all Israel by an everlasting decree. Taking the first fruits and the tithes of my produce and the first shearings, I would give these to the priests, the sons of Aaron, at the altar. 7Of all my produce I would give a tenth to the sons of Levi who ministered at Jerusalem; a second tenth I would sell, and I would go and spend the proceeds each year at Jerusalem; 8the third tenth I would give to those to whom it was my duty, as Deb'orah my father's mother had commanded me, for I was left an orphan by my father. 9When I became a man I married Anna, a member of our family, and by her I became the father of Tobi'as.

Taken Captive to Nineveh

10Now when I was carried away captive to Nin'eveh, all my brethren and my relatives ate the food of the Gentiles; 11but I kept myself from eating it, 12because I remembered God with all my heart. 13Then the Most High gave me favor and good appearance in the sight of Shalmane'ser,d and I was his buyer of provisions. 14So I used to go into Media, and once at Rages in Media I left ten talents of silver in trust with Gab'ael, the brother of Gabri'as. 15But when Shalmane'sere died, Sennach'erib his son reigned in his place; and under him the highways were unsafe, so that I could no longer go into Media.

Courage in Burying the Dead

16In the days of Shalmane'serf I performed many acts of charity to my brethren. 17I would give my bread to the hungry and my clothing to the naked; and if I saw any one of my people dead and thrown out behind the wall of Nin'eveh, I would bury him. 18And if Sennach'erib the king put to death any who came fleeing from Judea, I buried them secretly. For in his anger he put many to death. When the bodies were sought by the king, they were not found. 19Then one of the men of Nin'eveh went and informed the king about me, that I was burying them; so I hid myself. When I learned that I was being searched for, to be put to death, I left home in fear. 20Then all my property was confiscated and nothing was left to me except my wife Anna and my son Tobi'as.

21But not fiftyg days passed before two of Sennach'erib'sh sons killed him, and they fled to the mountains of Ar'arat. Then Esarhad'don,i his son, reigned in his place; and he appointed Ahi'kar, the son of my brother An'ael, over all the accounts of his kingdom and over the entire administration. 22Ahi'kar interceded for me, and I returned to Nin'eveh. Now Ahi'kar was cupbearer, keeper of the signet, and in charge of administration of the accounts, for Esarhad'donj had appointed him second to himself.k He was my nephew.